Psoriasis of the nails and of the skin, psoriasis on the head - causes, stages, treatment

Psoriasis skin is a non-infectious chronic disease in the majority of cases, the skin (or in some cases the nail plate, the head). Dry red spots, a little protruding above the surface of the skin (papules) manifests itself excessively. Merge, papules, Plaques, as a source of chronic inflammation.

Psoriasis-on-Hand

Psoriasis transmitted or not?

The answer to the question is Psoriasis is contagious or not, you should understand that the disease is transmitted sexually, even droplets in the air, no contact, neither in a different way. By virus, how you will not possible.

Due to the violation of the exfoliation of the dead skin scales on the body, there are dry sections. You will not die, but patients can experience severe psychological discomfort due to their appearance.

Causes of psoriasis

So far, it is not absolutely clear, why it is a psoriasis. There are various theories for the development of the disease. Experts are inclined to believe that the defeat of the skin and of the nails can trigger:

  • Stress, negative emotional experiences;
  • endocrine pathology;
  • hereditary predisposition;
  • a malfunction of the immune system, due to the processes of growth and cell division of epithelial.

Autoimmune cause of Psoriasis is that the immune cells, the T-helper cells and T-killer cells, which penetrate in the standard for the protection of the body against tumor cells, pathogenic viruses and bacteria in the upper layers of the skin. Here they produce substances that trigger the inflammatory process. To share as a result, the start of skin cells is strengthened, and multiply. Observed Proliferation.

The development of Psoriasis, and in the whole action multiple factors from the list below:

  • Very thin and poorly hydrated skin (sebum produces little).
  • Frequent contact with irritating offences substandard cosmetics, alcoholic solutions, household cleaning products.
  • To rag, frequent washing of the body, the hands (especially if a rigid washing and anti-bacterial soap/shower gel).
  • The abuse of alcohol.
  • The development of infectious diseases due to staphylococci, streptococci, and fungi.
  • The use of antidepressants, Lithium carbonate, Beta-blockers, agents, and antiseizure medications.
  • The change of the climate belt.
  • Mechanical damage to the skin.
  • The tendency to allergic reactions.
  • HIV infection.

Classification of the disease

If we psoriasis, the different photo in the initial stages, so the differences are visible – there are several varieties of this dermatological pathology. Depending on the location of the lesion is:

  • Psoriasis of the scalp (itching, manifested as skin bleeding).
  • Psoriasis finger nails (nail plate separates gradually from the Lodge and is painful, it is red spots) form.
  • Palmar-plantar psoriasis (the disease is often only on the feet and/or hands).
  • The skin disease Psoriasis (dry Plaques that appear on different parts of the body).
  • Arthropathy psoriasis (amazed joints).
  • Sexual psoriasis (disease that covers the skin of the genital organs).

Clinical forms of Psoriasis:

  1. Ordinary or vulgar. Flat pink manifested by red papules and small in size, protrude slightly in the healthy skin. The top of papules covered with bright scales, which begin to fall at a light touch. If the treatment of Psoriasis is not started on time, small fires chained in.
  2. Exudative. More common in people with obesity, hypofunction of the thyroid, diabetics. The symptoms of Psoriasis the following Form: papules are of a bright red color, of yellow-gray scales can be visualized. The tile hit the skin folds – armpits, in the area below the Breasts in women. The patients complain of itching, burning.
  3. Seborrheic. The Psoriasis is wrinkles on the head, or bte, nasolabial folds, between the shoulder blades, on the chest. The boundaries of the patches are not pronounced clearly. Peeling silvery-yellow. If you created the photos of psoriasis on the head, an Association with such a common fungal disease, such as skin scales.
  4. Palmar-plantar. The disease occurs in people over the age of 30 and 50 years, whose work is connected with heavy physical work. In this Form of the skin rashes can be observed, and on the body.
  5. Pustular. The body pustular elements. In medicine, a further variation to distinguish pustular Form of Psoriasis Tsumbush. It is idiopathic (primary) - on the skin, the vesicles, which are converted into pustules appear. Pustules open and wither. Later, they appear to be typical for the disease scaly rashes. And also the secondary with a benign course. In this case, pustules Chen Plaques arise on the surface of the typical psoriatis due to the irritant effect of drugs.
  6. A different type of pustular Form of Psoriasis Barbera. He hits only the soles of the feet and the palms of the hands. On the skin purulent pustules visualized. They are not open, with time, turn into dark dry crusts. Psoriasis Barbera characterizes the symmetry of the lesion.
  7. Arthropathy (glenoid). A more severe Form. Occurs in patients, the skin rashes. Usually occurs after five to six years after the appearance of the first symptoms of the disease, when treatment of Psoriasis was an illiterate. Pathology of the joint System can be motionless be different, starting with not strong pain in the joints, not the device to changes in the joints, to deforming arthrosis ankylosis (the joint).
  8. Erythrodermic Psoriasis. Is the result of a vulgar or exudative Psoriasis. Is affected almost the whole skin. It is red, with lots of dry scales. Increased body temperature, an increase in the lymph nodes (especially the thigh and groin). If the Patient is experiencing, such as for the treatment of Psoriasis, perhaps hair loss, brittle nails.

According to the criterion of the seasonal recurrence of the Psoriasis to share:

  • Summer;
  • Winter (most common);
  • indeterminate.

Symptoms of psoriasis

Of the predominant symptoms of psoriasis treatment depends, so that on the first reception of the doctor, a thorough examination of the patient, thorough localization of psoriatic lesions studied.

Often the disease is manifested in the Winter. In the summer, under the influence of solar radiation, the symptoms of Psoriasis can disappear completely. But in the case of "summer" Form the pathology of the stay in the sun, on the contrary, must be avoided. During an exacerbation, the Patient complains of very severe itching. The defeat of nail plates only occurs in 25% of patients.

In diseases of the head, the hair and skin are not involved in the disease process. First, the skin starts to peel. In the course of time of the lesions "spill" on the neck, behind the ears. The inflammatory process is due to the very rapid division of keratinocytes.

In Psoriasis of the palms and feet Horny layer is thickened, and covered with deep cracks. Photo of psoriasis in the early stages shows pustules with clear content. Later they become white and turn into dark marks.

With respect to the nail plate, the most common two types of defeat:

  • Nail holes are covered with the outwardly similar to the traces of stitches ("thimble").
  • Nail changes color and starts to flake off, which is reminiscent of a fungal infection. The nail plate Psoriasis differ-papule, surrounded by a red border.

Stage of psoriasis

In spite of the fact that until now there are discussions about what is Psoriasis and what specifically it can provoke appearance, stage of the disease is already well studied. Three of them:

  1. Progressive (initial). On the surface of the skin neoplasms appear in the Form of skin rash, the tendency to growth on the periphery. They apply to healthy skin and will form an oval or circular tiles. The spots have a pink or red. Flaky crusts not – only-white scales. The edges of the herd a little sealed. As a result of combing, there are new outbreaks.
  2. Stationary. Occurs within one to four weeks after the first symptoms of psoriasis. The tiles will be brighter. New rashes do not appear old – slowly absorbed. Is celebrated the healing of papules in the direction from the center to the edges, because of what your shape is-shaped ring. The entire surface of the healing lesions the white scales covered.
  3. Regressive (caying). Color psoriatic Plaques of the healthy skin. Minimizes the itching. Around the focal points of Collar Voronova formed, a Ring of dense keratinized layers of the skin. If the Patient used a high-quality ointment Psoriasis, the stage of the regression takes about a month. Otherwise, the process of "weakening" can take up to half a year.

The task of the patients, whose psoriasis was diagnosed – all the time keeping the disease in Remission.

If you have noticed similar symptoms, you should immediately contact your doctor. The disease is easier to prevent than to fight with the consequences.

How is the diagnosis of Psoriasis

Investigation

Diagnosis of psoriasis the dermatologist. The method is based on an external examination, assessment of skin and nails, the study of the localization of the herd. No additional analyses are not assigned in the case of obvious signs. If you are having difficulties in the diagnosis, a sample of the skin with inflamed Phase (biopsy) for study under laboratory conditions.

In the case of complaints of pain in the joints of the skull overview. Blood assigned the test to ensure that no other types of Arthritis. To exclude a fungal infection of the Test using potassium hydroxide.

Like psoriasis cure

The treatment of psoriasis is complex. It includes:

  • General Therapy;
  • local therapy;
  • Physiotherapy.

Prior to the determination of the treatment of Psoriasis, skin doctor the stage of the disease determines its clinical Form, the prevalence of the process. When prescribing medications, the age of the patient and presence of concomitant diseases. In General, selected safest drugs for health are, first of all, with a minimum number of side effects paint. If you do not provide the transition of Psoriasis in a Phase of Regression, the corrected treatment.

Systemic medications for psoriasis

Medication, taken inside, help to moderate and severe stages of Psoriasis. These include:

  • Vitamin A Derivatives (Retinoids). You can reduce the speed of maturation of the keratinocytes. Normalize the differentiation and maturation of cells.
  • Immunosuppressants. Reduces the activity of T-lymphocytes, the enhanced cell division of the Epidermis.
  • Drugs for the treatment of malignant tumors. The propagation and the growth of atypical cells of the skin to inhibit.

Physical therapy in psoriasis

Physiotherapy improves the health of patients with Psoriasis. In some cases, they allow you to completely dispense medication. Most commonly used:

  1. Selective Phototherapy. The affected skin of UV irradiated provide radiation with a wavelength of 280-320 Nm. Appointed from 15 to 35 procedure.
  2. Photo-chemotherapy (PUVA-therapy). The method involves the joint use of the photosensitizer to the inside and long-wave UV-irradiation from the outside. UV rays penetrate deep into the skin, photo-sensitizer, and blocks the synthesis of DNA of skin cells, reduces the speed of your pitch. Duration of the course – of 20 to 30 treatments.
  3. Laser-Therapy. Hits of laser radiation with different wavelengths. The Laser allows a faster Resorption of plaque, prevents the formation of scars in their place.
  4. The use of monochromatic UV-radiation. Each oven maintained alternately lampovim/Laser source of UV radiation. Healthy skin is not affected. The method is optimal, when startled, less than 10% of the skin. Duration of treatment – from 15 to 30 sessions.
  5. Electric sleep. It soft the action of electrical impulses out to the brain during 20-60 minutes. As a result, the Patient is soothed, it normalizes start the function of the CNS, psoriatic Plaques to disperse.
  6. ULTRASONIC therapy. Is Anti, itch end still and pain-relieving agent. Accelerates the absorption of scar tissue. If necessary, can be combined with a Phono-phoresis. To achieve the therapeutic effect it is necessary, the implementation of from 7 to 14 sessions.
  7. Magnetic Therapy. A total has-invigorating effect on the organism. Relieves inflammation, reduces itching and burning, helps to get rid of pain in the joints.
  8. The treatment of bee venom. With the help of the apparatus for electrophoresis or ultrasound in the body bee venom injected. It features wicking and anti-inflammatory effect, normalizes metabolic processes.
  9. Hyperthermia. Psoriasis affected tissue is heated Pads with Thermal mixture to a temperature of 40 degrees. The treatment contributes to the improvement of the function of the immune system, to reduce the negative impact of the disease on the skin.

Diet for psoriasis

Approved products a worsening of Psoriasis are:

  • Fruit (apples, apricots, peaches);
  • Fruit juices;
  • Vegetables (Beet, Potato, Radish, Water Melon, Pumpkin);
  • Greens;
  • Berries (all except red);
  • lean meat (beef, veal, Turkey, rabbit) – up to 200 grams per day;
  • all the nuts;
  • lean fish;
  • Milk products, cheese and cheese;
  • Whole-grain bread;
  • seaweed.
Food-for-psoriasis

Patients with psoriasis you can't eat:

  • smoked dishes;
  • red fish;
  • Animal Fats;
  • Eggs;
  • Pork and duck meat;
  • Muffin.

Drinking forbidden coffee, carbonated and alcoholic beverages. Preferably, you should limit the intake of sugar. For the cleaning of the body twice per week is recommended fasting days vegetables, apples or Kefir.

14.08.2018