Psoriasis (psoriasis) in today's world has a massive Problem of humanity. Because of the outward symptoms of this disease remains a source of mistrust on the part of the healthy humans and imposes a strong imprint on the character and the desire, in their communication with patients with Psoriasis. Ignorant can be easily confused with Psoriasis infectious disease of the skin and of the fear of contagion. Psoriasis is not an infection, but a cutaneous — disease non-infectious nature. The Manifestation of such dermatosis occurs in the Form of the appearance of the rash and Peeling in the Form of tiles in various sizes. The age and gender have no influence on the development of Psoriasis: the disease can in people with the birth, but may all of a sudden. A greater percentage ill at a young age. Only 4% of the world's population suffer from this disease. Psoriasis in Russia, the percentage ranges from 0.72% to 11.8% (depending on area).
The treatment of psoriasis, the dermatologist. In the case of suspicion of Psoriasis please listen to please make sure he is diagnosis (you may need a biopsy of the skin), will determine the Form of the disease and treatment.
The causes of psoriasis
Psoriasis refers to the violation of the cycle of division and maturation of skin cells. In this disease ipse atri, the top of the skin die layers occurs faster than usual. There are several opinions from medical experts about the reasons for the development of Psoriasis, and a study of this issue is still in progress. Some of the there are two types of this disease: the first is associated with disorders of the immune processes that are not connected to hereditary, and more common at a young age, and the second type with inheritance and does not affect the skin, such as the first, and the nails and the joints and occurs in people of middle age.
Other researchers tend to believe that the basis for the development of Psoriasis are disorders of the immune system, provoking other pathologies, Stress, climate unsuitable, and even diet.
With certainty we can say that the Psoriasis — a disease of non-infectious nature. Today, he is regarded as an autoimmune disease hereditary mnogofaktorialnym disease.
Symptoms of psoriasis
Symptoms of psoriasis are bright and striking: it is an inflammation of the skin in the Form of an itchy causing a scaly and reddish spots (papules). Papules (dry areas, in ascending order above the General level of the integument) merge to form the Plaques. In Papularum there is excessive angiogenesis, the extra capillaries are formed. Characteristic of Psoriasis accelerated cell division of the skin, which does not allow to tire you time and breaks the intercellular interaction. The immune system in response to these processes produces immune cells, which act in the sum against its own cells. In conclusion, the chronic inflammation and the formation of psoriatic forms of dandruff. In the case of exfoliation, papules detectable denser skin Foundation, stearic stains and blood, dew, that also refer to the signs of psoriasis. Place of distribution of such spots skin more fibrous areas of the head, skin folds and places stretch (knees, elbows, in the armpit, the lower part of the back caves, below the Breasts, on the genitals), nails and joints.
Psoriasis is divided into three types according to the seasonal exacerbations: Winter (most common), summer and indefinitely.
Psoriasis patches can achieve various contours and dimensions (exacerbations course, which is comparable with the palm of your hand, and maybe more). The biggest agony of patients, the itch, the rash. In the cases of the progressive Psoriasis phenomenon you can Kebnera observed, expressed in the formation of the Plaques in locations of the skin lesions. In the area of the Plaques of pus and cracks can develop. In cases where Psoriasis affects the nail plate, as can be observed, depressions and spots on the nails, the plate can be thicker and begin to crumble. The symptoms of the Winter decay of the Psoriasis in the summer. And summer-Psoriasis, on the contrary, under the influence of the sun's light escalate. The progress of Psoriasis usually begins gradually and under the influence of the triggering trauma, injuries, nutrition, infectious diseases, Stress, medications-allergies, pregnancy and other sudden changes in the normal life of the body.
Stage of psoriasis
In the development of Psoriasis there are three stages:
- Progressive (due to the appearance of the new blocks, a large number of small papules);
- stationary (characterized by the absence of the formation of new lesions and the formation of the already infested areas silvery-white scales);
- retrogressive (due to the gradual resorption of Plaques, normalization of skin color and the decrease in the overlap).
How is psoriasis and if it is contagious?
In our article, we have mentioned, the non-infectious nature of Psoriasis. This does not mean that psoriasis is contagious, don't be afraid to contact and communication with people, in which he gives it. Psoriasis has transmission paths, neither by kissing, by sexual contact or through the blood. Also, contact-household transmission of the disease are absent, therefore, you can safely care for patients with Psoriasis and you will enjoy the General objects. Also in the case of a contact directly on the infected areas of the skin infection does not occur. From all this we can conclude that humans, the Patient with Psoriasis is not dangerous for healthy people, and that this disease does not exercise, should not influence the attitude on the part of the company.
On the transmission of Psoriasis inheritance, affected in this disease from the parents to their children. In the presence of Psoriasis in a parent, the percentage of the likelihood of Psoriasis in a child up to 30% and in the case of illness of both parents — 75%. It follows that the disease can not occur in the child, even if both parents are sick with Psoriasis. But do not forget that the Psoriasis is not up to the end of the disease studied to the present day. One way or the other, the children, the sick parents, with Psoriasis get sick more often than the healthy parents. In addition to hereditary factors, the cause for the emergence of Psoriasis of viruses and infections to be sought in disorders of the metabolism — enzymatic, Lipid, metabolism of amino acids and the present.
Where the manifests itself psoriasis?
The most popular places in the Psoriasis adopted tendon area of the flexor and the extensor muscles, joints, nails, the part of the head, the palms of the hands, feet and face. Let us in detail where and how the Psoriasis shows.
Psoriasis of the nails. This disease is well researched, but not to diagnose it is not easy, especially when you of fungal diseases. Psoriasis of the nails can be a disease and the result of vulgar Psoriasis. The main symptoms of nail Psoriasis adopted color-changing panels (the occurrence of grey or yellow tones), cross-pectoral, thickening of the skin around the nails. Particular symptoms of nail Psoriasis a Symptom of thimbles (formation of recesses on the plate of the nail), bruising under the nails and trahionihiya (deformation and flattening of the nail is, the emergence of the corners and edges, and panels) dull. The treatment of nail Psoriasis requires a constant nail care, to the exclusion of all nail injuries, and manicures. For a good result and a lack of Remission, to activities, to nail care in your daily life.
Psoriasis Flexor and extensor. For Psoriasis of the skin in the area of the flexor and extensor fold by the appearance of redness in the area of natural skin (elbow and knee bends, axillary pelvis, groin, genitals and mammary glands). A characteristic feature of this type of psoriasis has no shell, but there is pain in the area of the lesions. The reasons for this pathology serves as a strong sweating, especially in combination with fungal infections. The most frequently psoriasis on hands and feet meet in the spring and in the autumn.
Psoriasis of the scalp. Psoriasis on the head is a distinct disease, but can be combined with another type of Psoriasis. The first signs of such a disease is a severe itching in the occipital area. For itching followed by a rash on the skin, where frequent and various skin rashes. Skin rashes appear skin not only on the head, but also in the surrounding areas of the skin. The skin is wet behind the ears and can with cracks. Psoriasis of the scalp successfully treated, but it takes time.
Psoriasis in the face. In the face psoriasis is not often. He has the typical characteristics of forms of Psoriasis of the skin. After papules on the face may remain scars. Psoriasis in the face at the end of depression, reduction of General immunity, and injuries may appear due to hereditary predisposition, persistent.
Vulgar Psoriasis. This is the most common Form of psoriasis. Signs of vulgar Psoriasis, small rashes, covered with silvery scales, which are typically symmetric and in addition to abrasions or cuts.
Guttate Psoriasis skin. As the name suggests, this shape is characteristic skin rashes in the Form of drops. Skin rashes differ due to the high location on the leather, and separation. In most cases, the guttate Psoriasis occurs in girls after the staph infection.
Pustular (exudative) psoriasis. Skin rashes with this Form of psoriasis are like the bubbles of a small size with serous, non-infected fluid in the inner. Vesicles itch, but if you comb high risk of infection. Pustular Psoriasis is difficult in the treatment, therefore, it is not necessary to run it.
Psoriasis-Arthritis. This Form can impress not only the small joints but also the spine. As symptoms of knee swelling, inflammation, and restriction of joint mobility, stretching of the joints occurs, which can lead to disability.
In the forums and in the lives of the people often have questions about how psoriasis can heal and whether or not to get rid of it forever, which limits the prices for the treatment of Psoriasis and where it is treated vary? In Moscow, the treatment of Psoriasis have been given special attention: there are institutions and medical centers that specialize in this Problem. Remedy for psoriasis available in the pharmacies of the urban hospitals, or to order over the Internet pharmacy, but first of all, you don't need to know the allocation of the attending physician (cure for Psoriasis and treatment method selects itself, but only a doctor skin). They will continue to investigate, how to treat and heal Psoriasis.
Now new therapies and drugs developed to combat the Psoriasis, so that in the near future this disease can be completely curable. At the Moment, Psoriasis treatment aims to the elimination of the inflammatory process and the normalization differentsovki èpiteliocitov. The treatment of the disease builds skin doctor, on the basis of the extensiveness of lesions of the skin, stage of disease, age, gender, tolerability of drugs, and the presence of current diseases. In the treatment of Psoriasis uses the funds for local and systemic therapy. For Outdoor therapy ointments, creams and lotions to apply. In the time of progressive disease salicylic acid or hormonal ointment prescribed for. In the composition of the systemic therapy of aroma used tables, retinoids, Cyclosporin A, methotrexate, and NSAIDs. Successfully used in the treatment of Psoriasis methods such as photo chemotherapy (PUVA), selective phototherapy and climate therapy. In an early stage of the disease prophylactic agent. The methods of cryotherapy, Plasmapheresis, and ultraviolet radiation of the doctors in the case of more severe forms of Psoriasis.
Diet for psoriasis
The diet for Psoriasis is of great importance in the effectiveness of the entire treatment. In the body of the patient food must, therefore, normalize the pH, without it, the weakening of immunity. Let us, in detail, what products you use in psoriasis, and what is not. Teaspoon enrich honey a day the body with the necessary vitamins. Vegetables and fruit help to relieve the body, and fish oil — an excellent source of B-vitamins is an excellent choice for Breakfast or dinner, pumpkin porridge, rich in minerals and vitamins. Olive oil is the only oil recommended for use in patients with Psoriasis. Basic foods in Psoriasis has to be a fish of fat grades, which strengthens, the skin heals and removes irritation.
Folk remedies for Psoriasis
In the treatment of Psoriasis is a big celebrity the people have medicine, but only with the permission of a doctor should use. Traditional medicine offers for the treatment of Psoriasis, a variety of recipes for home-made ointments, tinctures, and simple useful recipes. Particularly effective is the folk medicine is in the early stages of the Psoriasis.
Juice of celandine — one of the most common home remedies for Psoriasis. Therapy the juice of celandine in summer, in the period of flowering of the plant. To be applied on the damaged areas of the skin, use the juice from fresh greater celandine. For obtaining the most effective result of this procedure continue to day three summer in a row. From the root of greater celandine, you can prepare a tincture: put 4 tablespoons of celandine herb to 0.5 liters of alcohol. The mixture a couple of hours, after which you can RUB to.
Ointment make out of 2 eggs, beaten vegetable oil with the addition of vinegar helps in the beginning of the disease. During exacerbations of Psoriasis helps is a bath made of the husk of the nuts. In order to prepare a bathroom, you will need half a Kilo of walnuts. Your shell should pour over with boiling water, drain and add to the bath.
In Psoriasis, the Infusion repeshko, ointments apply dandruff from the root of the meadowsweet, strawberries and juice of Viburnum and also from fish. It is worth paying attention to the monastic tea of psoriasis. It helps the treatment of Psoriasis at home. Clinical studies in fact, the healing confirmed the properties of this drink. In the base tea herbs. Monastery tea of Psoriasis can cook at home: 1 teaspoon pour a glass of boiling water and insist 10 minutes. Eat before meals for 3 weeks.