Each year, millions of people are confronted with skin disorders of different nature. You can of communicable and non-communicable. Most of the time (completely healthy person, at first glance) make the diagnosis of psoriasis. It occurs at different parts of the body, can be of varying intensity. He is worried sick about you and your surroundings, because people are afraid of contagion. You look at what psoriasis is, its causes, symptoms and treatment methods.
What is psoriasis
Psoriasis on the skin disease of a chronic nature, not sexually from person to person. Previously, this diagnosis was considered food inflammation of the skin, but today it is considered disease Psoriasis, in conjunction with the fact that it is systemic, that is, it arises due to malfunctions in the endocrine system, immune system, nervous system.
The mechanism of development of Psoriasis on the body
Not to notice Nidus impossible, because in this area of the body burning, itchy feeling, redness exfoliating appear on the skin. Each person confronted with the diagnosis, and begins to feel uncomfortable when communicating with people, because the disease disfigures the affected area of the body.
The mechanism of development is that the skin cells die after 4-5 days, but don't fall off and develop papules and starts to peel off, resulting in the inflammatory process. The disease is not triggered when the Touch, so that epidemics happen. The emergence of Psoriasis is associated with Hyper activity of Immune T-lymphocytes.
In General, disease table preloaded humans occurs in the genes to her:
- If one of the parents a predisposition to a disease, the likelihood of this diagnosis in a child – 25%.
- If 2-x parents – 65%.
Psoriasis can occur at any age, even if in childhood there were no signs of his presence. The triggering mechanism may be a treatment with antibiotics, alcohol, Stress, injuries to the skin, vitamin deficiency.
Causes, symptoms and treatment of Psoriasis
Although, the disease – psoriasis affects people in the course of the centuries, their original source is not installed yet. The disease can affect anyone, not even the predisposition to the development of the pathology.
The doctors took such theories regarding the causes of psoriasis:
- Out Of Metabolic Disorders Caused.
To provoke each of these causes of Nidus, localizable in any part of the body on the head, the hands (particularly at the elbows), legs, and Psoriasis appears under the Breasts and on the belly.
Why a Person has a Psoriasis Virus theory
Scientists in search of the reasons for the development of Psoriasis found the changes in peripheral lymph nodes, is that a Symptom of a viral Form of the disease.
Doctors believe that the retro-virus, which is needed due to genetic, are the cause for the activation of Psoriasis, but in order to prove that:
- Noteworthy is a Retrovirus and can identify with.
- Determine the habitat.
- To carefully examine what is not in the power of modern medicine.
Retro-viruses have the ability to alter the genetic structure of the people, by the synthesis of DNA and formation of "falsum progressio". This factor was previously examined by doctors, but in the case of the Transfusion of blood from a patient with Psoriasis to a healthy, yet never mentioned the occurrence of the disease in the second, puts this theory into question.
Disturbances in the area of the immune system effects on the many structures of the body, but the experts found that the occurrence of Sinusitis, tonsillitis, and other auto-immune diseases, pathological lesions aggravated.
In the case of the primary emergence of Psoriasis, doctors the primary source for the autoimmune Aggression.
There are a variety of diagnostic measures in patients de micro abscesses occurs Munro, as a result of the deviation:
- Anti body.
The inflammatory process of the skin, by psoriasis, the sensitivity of the Epidermis increases triggered, particularly in the areas affected by chemical or physical means. Then the increasing size of the rash and irritation occurs. In the conduct of studies, experts, antibodies against antigens of the components of the self-antigens, are absent in people without the predisposition to pathology.
It is believed that the causes of Psoriasis are directly associated with the infection. Exacerbation of the pathology fix often the people who are in a hospital, despite the fact that pathogenic fungi and micro-organisms found. According to the opinion of scientists, the psoriasis on the background of the infectious lesion appears, in consequence of the arrival of impulses in the autonomic and the endocrine System, what causes the change in the structures of the body on the floor of the dysfunction of the immune system.
Also, the place has Allergy-infectious theory, is not confirmed by an allergic reaction to viruses, bacteria and their toxic secretions, but officially, this theory is still.
The genetic theory
This theory suggests that Psoriasis is from the parents to the children, but also of neighbors and distant relatives.
This is due to the fact that most of the people in the skin-veins with Psoriasis, the clinic, to have this disease in the history of the family in 3-5 generations, but call the disease is strictly genetically impossible, because it arises on the background of violations of the complex:
- Changes in the enzymatic, Lipid, carbohydrate, and protein metabolism.
- Of the immune system, endocrine, autonomic dysfunction.
- Viral and infectious diseases.
Deviations in the metabolism
Disorders in the metabolism, are the source of many diseases.
With Psoriasis studies show:
- High Cholesterol
- The temperature was below the Norm.
In this case, the experts Vera psoriasis beat, such as cholesteric diathesis, because wrong fat metabolism provoked the emergence of keratinization of the skin.
Also, the clinical picture of the patient may include the following indicators:
- Disorders group of the Vitamin in the metabolism of B6/12 And p. In the case of this amount of Vitamin C in the body excessively.
- Deficiency or excess of zinc, copper, iron.
These factors reduce the adaptive capacity of the people and contribute to the development of Diabetes mellitus, which is often accompanied psoriasis.
Where is the disease – psoriasis (other reasons):
- An Allergy.
- Female Hormone Disorders.
- Burns, Wounds, Bites.
- Taking drugs and alcohol.
- The Sub-Cooling.
- Abuse of certain products.
- Food poisoning.
Psoriasis each person, regardless of age and sex, but the sooner it appears, may be, the more it adds to the body of the patient, and the damage and changes the quality of his life.
The first signs of psoriasis
The disease manifests itself first in the Form of small, prone to dandruff, papules, localized in the area of the previously affected area of the skin. In the initial phase of psoriasis is a gradual or sudden character development. Further, on the skin pink nodule itch, burn and begin with a rash or scaly bark. The Patient can try to comb pathological flock, for it brings relief, but even more traumatizing to the skin. Psoriasis risk comb, the disease spreads to the surrounding tissue, so when the first symptoms, you should immediately consult a doctor.
The first signs of the psoriasis, rashes present in such areas of the body:
- The inguinal folds.
- Of The Loin.
- Belly (below the breast).
- Arms, Legs, (Knees, Elbows, Hands, Feet).
To the shared relief of a diagnosis of Psoriasis experts at the disease in several forms, which have their own symptoms, and the individual localization. For Example:
- Symptoms of Psoriasis gaps Form, characterized by the red depilatus papules, clear boundaries. You are usually in the area of the head, lumbar spine, elbows and knees.
- In the case of teardrop Psoriasis symptoms are completely different. On the affected plot of land a variety of small spots or pustules, with the contact pressure of a clear fluid. In General, you come back with hand and feet.
This light Form of psoriasis. Their development does not lead to fever, articular surface pain, chills. However, we have to treat every Form of disease, because if you don't recourse to therapy with the occurrence of the first symptoms, the psoriasis can spread to the joints, the nail plate and the mucous membranes.
To know how to see the disease in the initial phase, see photo signa developing on the skin of Psoriasis.
Typical symptoms of psoriatic Arthritis
Psoriatic Arthritis refers to the more severe forms of Psoriasis. The disease affects the joints, deformations and continue to be a part/full dysfunction. In the initial phase of the disease is localized, in the area of the feet and hands, and then transferred to the vertebral segments of the item, and of the large joints. To pain the joints increase in volume start.
On physical examination, the doctor special attention to such factors:
- There is a genetic predisposition to Psoriasis.
- Swelling of the joints.
- Pain when walking, or touching the objects.
- Restriction of mobility.
- Stiffness in the joints (in the course of the day and in the morning).
Also, the specialist will prescribe analysis. First, he must make sure that the pain in the joints caused by Psoriasis. For this group of patients, they must pass a Test for rheumatoid factor. If the result is negative, it means that the doctor will make the diagnosis of psoriatic Arthritis.
The first signs of psoriasis in nails
The first signs of nail Psoriasis identical fungus. Then around the perimeter of the nail to notice the indented points, either the longitudinal grooves. You can.on 1 nail or all of them at once, but at the beginning of the changes to fix the outermost part of the nail plate
In the absence of treatment of the disease:
- Progresses in the direction of the root.
- Nail inflamed, thickened, and dim.
- To the nail of the red hem of the skin formed.
The risk that, in consequence of the nail plate, it may have been completely removed from the skin, or be similar to bird's-claw, as the disease affects not only the skin but also the nerves.
Cure psoriasis completely impossible, as the disease contributes to chronic. The Maximum of what can doctors do a drug therapy, a strong Remission of the disease.
For medical purposes, drugs are local target. You can increase the Infiltration of the skin, reduces desquamation, and to eliminate the inflammatory process, entailing a itchy sensations.
To ointments and creams include:
- Salicylic acid.
Also, experts have local glucocorticoids and lotions suitable for the treatment of the scalp.
On the appointment of therapy is influenced by many factors:
- The age of the patient.
- The primary Manifestation of the disease or exacerbation.
- How progresses the inflammation.
- Where is localized the lesion.
- The duration of the disease.
- In what Form is manifested, etc.
On receiving the specialist examine the patient's medical history and collect a biopsy of the affected area.
After receiving the results, such methods of treatment.
In the advanced stage
During exacerbation, and marked inflammation, fluorinated agents:
Data drugs in 70% of cases inflammation and rash can eliminate, within 2 weeks for the treatment of Psoriasis.
Glucocorticoids negalogenizirovannam type:
Media are required for the treatment of pensioners and children, as an exception to its composition of fluorine-and chlorine-reduces the risk of an allergic reaction.
Creams and ointments on the Basis of dithranol:
Anti-proliferative and anti-inflammatory effect. Common Allergy trigger, in the Form of itching and local swelling. Prescribers in ascending doses for short-term treatment.
In addition to these techniques, there are other, not less effective, but only the doctor should pick up. Not correctly selected therapy is able to the patient's condition to worsen and not to provoke progressive inflammatory process against the background of an allergic reaction, therefore they experiment with drugs. In addition, you should change all the time, because the body gets used to the effects of drugs and the effectiveness of therapy is reduced gradually.