Psoriasis is a fairly common dermatological condition characterized by flaking and severe itching of the affected skin. There are many types of this disease. The most common types of psoriasis should be considered in detail, and these lesions can also be seen in the photo.
Causes of the disease
The disease is usually chronic. It develops for the following reasons:
- Weakening of the immune system. Abnormal immune processes lead to thickening of the skin, as a result of which the chronic form of the disease gradually begins to develop.
- Genetic predisposition. The likelihood of skin damage is quite high if at least one of the parents has psoriasis.
- Nervous disorders and emotional upheavals. This is one of the most serious factors in the development of this skin disease.
- Hormonal imbalance. Pathological changes in the endocrine system give an initial impetus to the appearance of the first signs of psoriasis.
- Disruption of metabolic processes in the body. This is due to a lack of vitamins and other nutrients.
- The presence of parasitic diseases. Toxic substances, which are used to poison various types of helminths from the human body, can harm the skin.
Modern medicine has not yet discovered the exact cause of this pathology.Most often, experts find the relationship between disorders of the immune system and psoriasis eruptions.
As mentioned earlier, there are many types of this dermatological disease. Depending on this, the patient may have different symptoms. The most common forms of psoriasis and their signs should be considered in more detail.
Represents the appearance of plaques with white scales. The affected skin becomes inflamed and discolored. Such plaques gradually increase in size, the scales peel off over time. Psoriasis on the hands must not have scaly formations, especially on the folds. The skin becomes red in these areas and there is severe itching and burning. Inguinal psoriasis develops in the same way. Body psoriasis vulgaris can affect most of the skin area.
This form of the disease got its name because of the teardrop shape of convex psoriasis eruptions. They have a purple hue. Teardrop-shaped neoplasms usually spread to the back and abdomen and affect almost all parts of the body. They cause severe itching, especially during periods of exacerbation.Most often, this form of the disease develops as a result of previous infectious diseases.
Pustular psoriasis: photo
This type of psoriasis is the appearance of small growths that are filled with clear fluid. The skin around these particular pimples becomes inflamed and bright red. It is subject to rapid peeling, causing painful sensations. Often this form of the disease manifests itself on the nail plates. What pustular psoriasis looks like can be seen in the photo.
It develops gradually, the initial stage of this disease can pass without symptoms. Joint and muscle tissues are damaged. As the patient develops, he begins to feel uncomfortable sensations in the area of the affected joints. A stiffness of movements is observed especially after waking up. The skin in the affected area becomes inflamed, has a red color. The joints of the upper and lower extremities are most commonly affected by psoriatic osteoarthritis.
This is a fairly common form of the disease. It is characterized by damage to the palms and soles of the feet. Fixed focal points with precisely defined edges appear at these points. Constant dryness and peeling of the skin can cause cracks. Extreme caution should be exercised in such situations as infection of the resulting wounds may occur. The skin in the affected area becomes hard and rough.
Early psoriasis: photo
How does the development of this pathology begin? This disease in the initial stages can be asymptomatic. Small pink plaques usually appear. The surface of the skin is still smooth and shiny. After a few days, the plaques will be covered with small scales, and the itching in the affected areas will begin to bother. These scales move away from the plaques fairly easily, and the skin under them looks inflamed. This process is known as point psoriasis.
Psoriasis in children
This disease can occur even in newborn babies. It is always accompanied by painful sensations in the affected areas, after which there is severe itching. The plaques formed most often tear, there is slight bleeding. This process is known as capillary psoriasis. The danger of the form lies in the possible infection of the formed wounds in the child.
Psoriasis on the head: photo
It is not uncommon for the scalp to be damaged in this disease. With an advanced form of such a lesion, hair falls out and stops growing. The localization of foci can be observed in the following places on the head:
- psoriasis behind the ears;
- in the occipital area and on the forehead;
- psoriasis on the neck;
- on the scalp.
Headache is usually accompanied by the following symptoms:
- slight flaking with itching and irritation;
- inflammation in the affected area;
- Scratching sore spots leads to damage;
- the skin gradually becomes coarser and thicker;
- dandruff on the scalp;
- The skin is very susceptible to severe trauma.
- Itching increases every day.
Advanced psoriasis - photo
An advanced form of the disease can lead to dangerous consequences. In addition to psoriatic osteoarthritis, a person can develop the following pathologies:
- dysfunction of the heart and blood vessels;
- ischemic disease;
- Cardiac arrhythmia.
The patient begins to feel such symptoms:
- inflamed skin is purple in color;
- general weakness of the body;
- increase in body temperature;
- poor appetite until it is completely lost;
- weakness in muscles and joints.
If the disease is more advanced, a significant area of the skin is affected. The patient feels constant weakness and fatigue. Therefore it is very important to start treatment early.
Consequences of the disease
It's no secret that psoriasis eruptions significantly affect the quality of everyday life. The affected person may have the following psychophysiological problems:
- fear of sport;
- the need to constantly hide your illness;
- Confidence is gradually disappearing;
- development of a chronic depressive state;
- Problems with the opposite sex, a person begins to avoid intimacy with a loved one.
In some cases, this pathology also negatively affects a person's choice of professional activity.
Therefore, the disease has a negative impact not only on physical health, but also on the psycho-emotional state. At the first signs of psoriasis, you need to seek help from a specialist. He will prescribe the most effective treatment and help get rid of the rash as soon as possible.