Skin disease a large group of diseases, the act in addition to the direct negative effects on human health, on the mental Constitution. Alone among dermatological diseases, the psoriasis is a chronic disease, the successful treatment of which remains a difficult task for doctors and as a prerequisite for a fulfilling life of patients.
Properties of localized Psoriasis on the head
Often the first Zone of the skin changes in psoriasis is the part of the head. In some cases, the disease is limited in this area, but often, especially if left untreated, new tile with time, it is also on other areas of the body. Causes, affects, due to which Psoriasis the skin of the head, believe a special structure of the epithelium in this area, as well as the inevitable daily injuries of the skin in the process of combing.
According to statistics psoriasis develops in 1 out of 100 people, but in different regions, this number is different. About 80% of the patients observed defeat of the scalp, a quarter of them, the disease is limited to this area, others - in the course of time spreads to the skin of the palms of the hands, the feet, the joints and the outer surface, etc.
Psoriasis no one is immune, but the collective clinical experience of physicians with at-risk groups allows you to allocate. So, pathology is more common in women observed in the first Phase of the disease is fixed in the rule, in patients in 15-25 years. The risk for the encounter with Psoriasis in people increases, the parents, brothers or sisters, also of this disease.
Psoriasis - a mysterious illness that explain the origins of which are not easy even today's scholars. Every year there are always new theories about what the cause of inflammatory reactions and excessive synthesis of skin cells on the body of the patient. During the presenter, the genetic hypothesis is: according to her, some people have a congenital predisposition to an accelerated renewal of the keratinocytes, which, in the case of the appearance of the disease to a specific reaction of the immune system. The result is a vicious circle: the more produced new cells, the platelets, the more the skin is inflamed in this area (the body takes it as something alien), and the more the skin is damaged under the influence of cells of the immune system - the more keratinocytes.
In some cases, the support point for the development of the disease, the pathology of the immune system, in turn, suffer as a result of strong Stress or infectious disease. So, it was pointed out that among HIV-infected psoriasis three times meets more frequently than the average population.
It is interesting In the middle ages tiles on the body of the patient as "roses of the devil". It was assumed that these characters are evidence of the curse, and healthy people can be transferred, if Touch. The tragedy was that until the nineteenth century. doctors Psoriasis, leprosy, scabies and other skin diseases differ, so all that diseases to chronic skin, ejected from society and forced to wear white clothes, body and face hidden, bells and warn others about the "danger of infection".
How does psoriasis on the head: signs of the lesion
Psoriasis of the head as seborrheic Psoriasis is the skin, although this term also applies to the collision with other areas of the skin with a high density of sebaceous glands — BTE-areas, nasolabial folds, chest, and the inter-blade area. The disease manifests itself for the first time, in General, flaking skin, dandruff. The formation of Plaques accompanied by itching, and the skin will be covered in this area of silvery scales. It is important that in the case of Psoriasis, even in marked inflammatory process is not observed hair loss that is the hallmark of this disease.
Psoriatic Plaques tend to proliferate in larger education — the doctors call it "paraffin lakes". The skin under them to scratch easily traumatized and bleed, so that the patients have, in spite of the intense itching, refrain from the desire to the affected area.
In the case of some types of Psoriasis Plaques with a reddish or even purple color, in the other — they look like bubbles with a transparent liquid. Characteristic for the disease is a chronic, progressive history: the periods of exacerbation followed by periods of Remission, when the symptoms, however, complete all of the manifestations of the disease eliminated in the rule is not possible. In this case, depending on the individual characteristics of the patients, Psoriasis error may be insignificant beauty, not accompanied by unpleasant sensations, and may seriously debilitating condition, so that the privacy, professional activity, and the restriction of the patient in the ability to self-service.
The specifics of the treatment
Outstanding British politician Winston Churchill, too, suffered from Psoriasis, one day promised to become a monument of pure Gold, the man who finds a cure for this disease. Oh, to be still reliable method for all ready found with this lesion of the skin. But that does not mean that medications, medicine has numerous means to relieve the symptoms of Psoriasis and improving the quality of life of the patients, periods of calm without skin sudden exacerbations and relapses relieve.
The treatment of Psoriasis of the scalp is especially in this Form, the external signs of the disease are most noticeable to others (hiding them is impossible under the clothes), so that the patients have a pronounced psychological discomfort and try by all means to get rid of the Plaque. In addition, for seborrheic Psoriasis is characterized by strong itching, so patients often necessary, symptomatic therapy, for pain relief of the affected area.
Outdoor medication skin in treatment of Psoriasis of the head
Medications selected for direct application to the affected area with psoriasis, individual. The Patient must be prepared to ensure that the first agent assigned to the doctor, is inefficient — it takes time to find the optimal combination of effective medicines.
Drugs on the Basis of steroid hormones able to quickly remove the inflammation and itching. To steroids, in contrast, the systemic effect (in the Form of tablets or injections in severe forms of Psoriasis), such as ointments and creams do not have severe side effects on the body. But their regular use can negatively affect the health of the skin, it is discolored in the area of the often, is thin and susceptible to the accession of secondary infection, which significantly complicates the treatment With prolonged use of topical (local) anabolic steroids can lead to withdrawal symptoms, if, after the removal of the exacerbation of the disease and the drug is back with new power and with more pronounced symptoms. Therefore, there are a number of restrictions on the use of topical Steroid. You can't:
- apply often and for a long time (not longer than 5 days);
- apply on sensitive skin areas (face, neck, wrinkles), as well as on large areas of skin changes (more than 20% of the surface).
It is important that the use of ointments, creams and Shampoos on the Basis of glucocorticosteroids was it only after consultation with the doctor.
Non-hormonal creams and ointments
Improve the condition of the scalp in psoriasis and without recourse to the hormonal preparations. The basis of creams, ointments and Shampoos from this group — the active ingredients anti-inflammatory, vasoconstrictive, soothing and moisturizing effect: zinc pyrithione, tar, salicylic acid, kertiol and others. Your application is useful, regardless of the stage of the disease — they reduce the formation of Plaques, scaling, itching and the inflammatory response.
The degree of efficacy and safety of nonhormonal creams and ointments depends on the underlying active ingredient. Thus, preparations with a Basis of zinc can be used without restrictions according to frequency of use, while tar means the skin to dry, so that they preferably 1-2 times per week in combination with moisturizing emulsions.
Patients suffer for a long time Psoriasis, often for cosmetic products to improve the appearance of the skin of the head, but do not have a healing effect. It develops all types of Shampoos and oils that relieve irritation, making skin soft and scaly Plaques was less pronounced. The actual effectiveness of such funds rate is not possible — especially when applied in conjunction with therapy prescribed by your doctor.
Some medications, the skin in Psoriasis of the head will not be able to change the course of the disease, however, is noticeably easier for the patient's condition. Since the factors affecting the activity of the pathological process, very much in the importance of the concern for the health of the patient in General, but also the struggle with the consequences of the disease (e.g. an infection of the affected skin or medication liver damage).
UV-irradiation reduced the symptoms of Psoriasis of the scalp for many patients, physiotherapy is based on the use of artificial light, is a very popular method of treatment of this disease.
In the case of the photo therapy with UV-spectrum In (use) hits the light with a long wavelength, visible to the human eye. Each session only takes a few minutes, and full cure takes 6-8 weeks.
PUVA therapy includes the combination of photo-therapy with the application to the skin of a photosensitizing substances. The Patient receives the medication in the Form of tablets or creams, and then the irradiation with UV is coming to meetings-the spectrum of A. This method is effective even in severe forms of Psoriasis, however in the long term, able to increase skin risk of development of cancer in a patient.
The use of environmental factors — another important approach for the treatment of Psoriasis. The stay in the Resorts with particular climatic conditions (on the coast of the dead sea, the Caucasian mineral waters, etc.) contributes to longer periods of Remission and alleviate the symptoms. Many patients notice the effect of the use of therapeutic mud and baths with herbal decoction, the application of bee products (apitherapy) naphthalene and applications of oil and other rare chemical compositions, proved the efficiency in the complex therapy of skin diseases.
But a clear set of recommendations, there is not — the success of the application of such techniques depends on the individual peculiarities of the organism of each patient.
Correction of the life style
Change your diet (no products, which provoke exacerbation of Psoriasis), eliminating the use of alcohol, regular physical exercise and psychotherapy to reduce anxiety, help patients with seborrheic Psoriasis. Some patients do not notice that a healthy life style not only to a reduction in the symptoms of the underlying disease, but also the General improvement of the health through the elimination of the factors provoking the other pathological conditions. In this question it is important to follow the recommendations of the attending physician and to be treated with a healthy criticism, Propaganda complete a waiver of medical treatment in favor of unconventional methods.
Patients with Psoriasis often depressed by the realization that this disease, once you stay with them for life. However, the positive attitude and active Position in relation to new approaches to therapy contribute to the return of the high quality of life and minimize the unpleasant symptoms of the disease. Don't have to put up with Psoriasis — it is only a Problem that a variety of solutions. Do not let the disease ruin your life.
Why is it important to start the treatment of seborrheic psoriasis in the shortest amount of time?
Undoubtedly, definitively cure Psoriasis impossible, but you can reduce the frequency and duration of exacerbations, when you start in a correct and timely treatment at the first signs. Thereby, appropriate medication to choose, the effectiveness and safety of measures, which was confirmed in clinical studies.