Psoriasis — severe pathology, in spite of the fact that it is not life-threatening. Psoriasis refers to a chronic systemic disease of the skin and nails. There is redness, itching and the appearance of which causes scaly Plaques that manifests itself in any age and barely treatable. Why is psoriasis, what are the complications threaten and, above all, how it can be treated?
Psoriasis is one of the most studied, and one of the most enigmatic diseases. Experts for many decades to seek the reasons for their emergence, but as long as science has no clear answer to the question of why people sick of Psoriasis.
Psoriasis — the disease is not contagious, as they do not cause any fungus or bacteria, but a reaction of the body's own immune system. In the case of psoriasis, the skin cells will begin to divide with great speed — if in the standard life cycle of cells take about 30 days, in Psoriasis, only 3-5.
The main features of Psoriasis: erythema, desquamation, appearance of inflamed areas, so-called Plaques that itch. In some cases, pustules or rash occur small. Sometimes psoriasis is not fast, and sometimes escalates almost without apparent reason. The most common Psoriasis of the arms and legs appears on the bends, along the hairline and where clothes to be adjacent to a fixed or rubs; although inflammation can also occur in other places.
Psoriasis is a fairly common disease, you will suffer about 3% of the total world population.
There are several types of Psoriasis. The most widespread vulgar, or Plaque, is diagnosed in 80% of patients with Psoriasis. Guttate (small deflections), pustular (pustules), Palmar-plantar and exudative types (weeping skin rashes) occur far less frequently.
The majority of patients for the first time, recognizes the signs of Psoriasis at age 15-25 years. Often the impetus to its formation (and later to a worsening) serve the emotional turmoil. The scientists attribute this phenomenon to the release of stress hormones — adrenaline and Cortisol.
Psoriasis is considered a chronic disease, which means they can't be cured. But modern medicine knows methods of how to its symptoms to a Minimum and reduce the frequency of relapses.
Oh, psoriasis can be inherited. In families where a parent sick of Psoriasis, the likelihood of a child with the same disease is 25%. If both parents are familiar with this disease first-Hand, the risk of developing Psoriasis in children is increased to 60%.
The scheme of treatment of Psoriasis depends on the severity of the disease. In mild cases (if beaten by less than 3% of the surface area of the body) to prescribe medicines for external use — ointments and creams. Also style and, in particular, the diet recommend to rethink life. In more complex cases, prescribe physical therapy. Medicines for oral administration, including those which have a certain toxicity, and hormonal agents — these are not Extreme measures be used only when other options for the treatment of Psoriasis to help.
There are different directions of the fight against Psoriasis, and the treatment was successful, it is better to have a comprehensive approach.
For dealing with Psoriasis from the inside often prescribe Vitamin A derivatives (retinoids), as well as drugs affecting the activity of the immune system. For the external manifestations of Psoriasis therapy the therapeutic use of the end of ointments and creams, the inflammation and itching, the Peeling of the dead skin cells and protect the damaged skin from fungi and bacteria. This is important because the course of the disease in psoriasis is often by the addition of a secondary infection, the effectiveness of General therapy and slows down the process of recovery of the skin.
In more serious cases, with often recurrent course of psoriasis prescribe local hormonal agents (ointments and creams) — so-called TGKS (topical glucocorticoids). With them, you should be careful — TGKS have a number of side effects, and contraindications. If you worsen, you may on their own Initiative, and not according to a strict scheme and the recommendation of the physician, the course of the disease. TGKS generally not recommended for longer than 5 days and applying it to large areas of the skin, as well as sensitive zones (face, neck, skin folds), as such funds can have a systemic effect on the body, the cause of the syndrome and result in thinning skin and loss of the protective effect and thus a risk of recurrent relapses.
Doctors complain often that the disease would be possible to cope with faster and easier if the patient is not in the self-medication with the help of strong drugs to heal because of the Psoriasis according to the uncontrolled use of hormonal drugs much more difficult.
The science has long been a big step forward in the search for efficient, but a safe remedy for the treatment of the skin in psoriasis and other diseases. For example, preparations on the basis of this active ingredient, such as activated zinc (pyrithione zinc). Zinc is a organic and natural medicine for the skin, but its concentration in the healthy skin of the people is about 20% of the total content in the body, and a deficiency of this precious metal is accompanied by a variety of lesions of the skin and deterioration of wound healing.
Drugs with active zinc, in contrast to the products containing zinc oxide have a number of specific properties, anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, antifungal), to help relieve itching of the skin, for the production of ceramides (lipids), which leads to the restoration of the barrier function. In contrast to ointments with zinc oxide, creams with zinc pyrithione does not dry the skin. In addition, you activate the so-called apoptosis (programmed natural death) of diseased skin cells and cells of inflammation to suppress the excessive proliferation of skin cells, resulting in the formation of scales and the formation of psoriatic Plaques.
Studies have proven that the active zinc is comparable with TGKS efficiency and a good safety profile, there is practically not from the surface of the skin absorbs, it has no annoying and damaging effect.
Which drug has been assigned to you, remember that, in writing a prescription, the doctor does not always take into account that the ratio of potential benefit and harm from the use of the medicinal product, taking account of their characteristics of gender and age, medical history, etc. Therefore: a heal, they can hurt others. In the case of Psoriasis this is especially true for the use of hormonal agents. The thoughtless application of ointments and creams with TGKS can circle the a "devil" — the more you use it, the more often the exacerbation will occur.
Not to risk, at the first symptoms of Psoriasis treatment should not begin hormonal agents, and necessarily consult a doctor. And in the case of chronic and recurrent course of the use of nonhormonal drugs with therapeutic properties immediately after the decrease of the exacerbations (after the application of TGKS) may extend periods of Remission and help the skin to recover fully.
Physiotherapeutic methods of treatment of Psoriasis to the removal of the symptoms of this disease. As you know, pathology, afraid of the sun, therefore, in the treatment of Psoriasis is far-phototherapy irradiation with ultraviolet light spread. The treatment of psoriasis, the laser therapy, ultrasound exposure, magnetic field therapy can.
Patients with Psoriasis keep is extremely important to proper nutrition. Excluded are all products that can cause allergies, as well as the food, hard in the stomach and the liver. The diet should contain high doses of vitamins (especially Vitamin A) and fiber. You should avoid alcohol, smoked meats, animal fats and TRANS-fats, eggs, coffee and bottled water, Muffin.
As already said, Stress and emotional upheavals Psoriasis can escalate. In the meantime, for many people, especially for young women, Psoriasis itself is a source of experiences and a low self-esteem. The goal of psychotherapy in the treatment of psoriasis — teach people to manage their emotions, and avoid nervousness. In addition, group therapy will provide the necessary psychological support and increase self-esteem.
In the case of the plasmapheresis doctor, the Patient takes a dose of blood, separates the Plasma from the blood cells and returns it with the help of the injection. Together with the Plasma, toxins removed, and autoantibodies.
By the way
Psoriasis — still no reason for low self-esteem. Many famous people struggle my whole life with this disease, what prevents you from idols of millions, icons of style. Psoriasis suffer of model cara DELEVINGNE and Kim Kardashian, actress Cameron Diaz, singer Britney Spears.
There are Alternative, Folk, and exotic treatments for Psoriasis. The former include the application of oil Thistle on the damaged areas, decoctions of marshmallow, Valerian, sage and chamomile. To attribute to the exotic treatment with tropical fish species likely to damage Garra rufa cause you pyrithione skin occur on the psoriatic Plaques, without the healthy skin. Such an original service offered in Thailand, and in recent years this method appeared in some Russian Spa-Salons.
Traditional methods are considered safe, however, it is not quite so allergic to grass can worsen the condition of the skin and the application on platelets ointments and implementation of dubious origin exotic treatments in unsanitary conditions associated with the advent of the inflammation and the addition of a secondary infection.
Correctly selected therapy to have a beneficial effect. Speed up the Recovery process allows compliance with certain rules:
Often say that the Psoriasis is not a disease, but a consequence of life-style. The share of truth in this saying. If you the diagnosis "Psoriasis", you need to seriously review their habits and strictly to the rules. To achieve compliance with the recommendations and to enable timely start of treatment, Remission status, and longer — many people suffer from Psoriasis is actually not at all don't suffer as a result of the disease manifest themselves. But Psoriasis is not going to tolerate carelessness — if not treated, or treat themselves, without the involvement of a physician, the tightening soon, almost monthly, and again a beautiful skin and good health will be very difficult.