People with psoriasis, in the world of the many — the most optimistic estimates — more than 3% of the entire population of the planet. Psoriasis — a disease manifested by the appearance of a skin rash as a pink Plaques with silvery scales color covers, often accompanied by itching. However, this is only the tip of the iceberg. The basis of the disease up to the end not studied processes.
Psoriasis — a mysterious enemy
In the case of psoriasis, the skin cells will begin to divide into 6-10 times faster than must. This leads to a chronic inflammation of the skin and dandruff.
The researchers examined the psoriasis for many decades, however, a clear answer to the question: why do you get psoriasis? today's science is not yet there. This disease is not contagious, but it can be inherited. Exacerbation of a variety of external and internal factors: Stress, injuries to the skin, the application of some medications (mostly antibiotics), alcohol abuse, infectious diseases (caused by Streptococcus, viruses), and others can provoke.
Symptoms of psoriasis are varied: the surface of the lesion may be infested with a dry or exuding, different parts of the body. In some patients, the knee and elbow, the other surfaces of the hand and soles of the feet, in the third — the large folds of the skin or mucous membranes or the nail plate. Sometimes psoriasis affects a very large area of the body, localized and sometimes only in limited areas and never more.
Without exaggeration, one can say that the psoriasis is one of the most enigmatic diseases. Scientists have already found out, what exactly happens in the body of patients with Psoriasis and to ease his condition, but it remains unclear what the cause of these pathological changes and how you can prevent it.
An interesting fact Winston Churchill fought to install his whole life with Psoriasis and promised the Golden monument of the doctor, guesses the mystery of this disease and to find an effective treatment. Oh, the reward, and found his owner.
Why do you get psoriasis?
The exact reasons for the science, but for years, the Problem examined is familiar with, there are several hypotheses have been:
- The Auto-Immune Theory. The whole thing is in the increased concentration of T-lymphocytes, which leads to a constant inflammation in the affected area of the skin. The body begins to recognize as if the own skin in the role of the attacker.
- Hereditary Theory, the Psoriasis explains to a defect in the DNA.
- Endocrine Theory, according to the Psoriasis of the internal secretion, especially of the pituitary gland and the thyroid gland occurs due to injuries in the working of the system.
- Trade Theory. Scientists have found out that in patients with Psoriasis, there are problems with accumulationis lipidorum and nitrogen-containing exchange, as well as increased concentrations of toxins in the body.
All of these theories have a right to exist, however, none of them is fully demonstrated. Therefore, the modern treatment of psoriasis is aimed at reducing the severity of symptoms, reduction of relapse of the disease and the General health of the body.
By the way Like symptoms, the signs of Psoriasis, have been covered extensively, yet in the Roman medical treatises. However, in these days of confusion psoriasis with other skin diseases of a different origin. For the first time, it was psoriasis as an independent disease first in 1799, and at the end of the 19th century, the doctors proved its non-infectious nature.
Who is susceptible to the disease?
Psoriasis does not distinguish between the sexes — they are often sick, and women and men. In General, psoriasis is a culmination of manifesting in the youth age — 15-25 years. However, if you are not Psoriasis in the youth, that does not mean that the danger has passed — sometimes the first Manifestation of Psoriasis to appear around the age of 50-60 years. The good news is that in people with Psoriasis at a later age, the disease is less pronounced.
If one of the parents suffering is a part Psoriasis, the risk of the disease in children is about 25%, and if both — 60%. However Psoriasis suffer, and children of parents who never have to face this nuisance.
According to the statistics on the most common Psoriasis people with thin, bright, and dry skin.
The first symptoms of the disease
Psoriasis begins imperceptibly: in the first Phase of the development of the disease, small areas of the skin, usually on the bends of the extremities, the scalp and the hairline along. Sometimes the first symptoms of psoriasis occur on the premises of the permanent mechanical irritation of the skin, to put it simply, where clothing presses and rubs. First, the person feels itching and a feeling of tightness of the skin, then there are small towering Islands of reddened, scaly skin. On this patch of gray, dead skin cells, similar to the wax chips, which are easily separated. Sometimes, these tiles are wet, the surface of lamellar shed shell yellow form. When you delete the last oozing of fluid, slightly blood placed on the surface. Gradually, the Plaques grow and merge with each other, hitting all the major areas of the skin.
Characteristics of the different types of Psoriasis
There are several types of Psoriasis:
Seborrheic Psoriasis. Usually occurs on the scalp. By itching and flaking, covers the area behind the ears and the skin along the hairline.
Exudative Psoriasis. With this type of Psoriasis affected skin not only exfoliates, but that they themselves, and on the surface of the papules (nodules of skin rash) may appear yellowish crusts.
Intertriginoznoy Psoriasis. It is characteristic for children. With this type of Psoriasis Plaques bright red, with a slight overlap (it may not even be present). Sometimes tile wet. Parents are often this kind of psoriasis with intertriginös confused.
Plantar Psoriasis. Occurs on the soles of the feet and palms of the hands. Manifested by thickening of the skin, dryness, cracks.
Chronic psoriasis manifests itself in large Plaques, which go not for a very long time, sometimes, to cause neoplasms of warts and papillomas.
Rupioidny psoriasis is one of the forms of Psoriasis, the lengthy. On the plate crusts, and appear to Plaque is always higher, wherein the shape of the cone.
Guttate Psoriasis is characterized by abundant rash consisting of many small papules.
Psoriasis nail (Psoriasis onychite) causes a deformation of the nails that appear yellow-brown spots under them. The most common Form of psoriasis in 25% of patients with this disease.
Psoriasis of the mucous membranes is touching the mouth and causes the appearance of nodules on the mucous membranes.
The frequency of Psoriasis manifestations
Psoriasis is cyclical. At an advanced stage, itchy Plaques or small rash, which merge gradually into a point. 1-4 weeks to process the distribution of the tokens is completed, you are covered with silvery scales. This is the so-called stationary Phase. It is a regressive Phase follows, if the tiles disappear. But don't be fooled — this does not mean that the recovery. If the psoriasis does not heal, and everything starts again from the beginning, and after a while the stage is constantly rotated, and exacerbation are almost monthly.
Treat the psoriasis and should. If not timely take measures, psoriasis changes quickly in the chronic stage, and to get rid of it would be extremely difficult. For the treatment of Psoriasis today, medical methods, physical therapy, as well as local resources for external use — ointments and creams of psoriasis use, the efficiency is quite high.
It should be noted, however, that prior to the Start of the use of means of psoriasis, a consultation with the treating doctor. At least, because a layman is not in the diagnosis itself.
What is important to know about the treatment of Psoriasis?
In the early stages of the development of the Psoriasis is an important role for special external resources, the process of cell division to slow down, relieve inflammation, protect damaged skin from infections and soothes itching. Particularly effective means on the Basis of pyrithione are Zinc, the active zinc. This substance has anti-inflammatory, anti-bacterial and fungicidal effect, reduces the release of histamine, and reduce itching and promotes the restoration of the Lipid mantle of the skin, restoring its barrier function and reduces sensitivity to the action of aggressive environmental factors. It is an achievement of the modern pharmacology.